Last Week the UN General Assembly has agreed to better manage the international flow of migrants and protect human rights. The UN Global Compact for Migration (GCM) is a collective agreement among UN member states to improve cooperation and strengthen capacities on the managing international migration. World leaders will meet in Morocco this December to ratify the agreement.
The GCM has 23 objectives, several of which pertain to children and children on the move. These include:
- Improving conditions and structural factors at origin countries to reduce the need for people to migrate
- Providing ‘targeted, gender-responsive, child-sensitive...information and legal guidance on [migrants’] rights and obligations’ (p.10) prior to departure and along migration routes
- Collecting disaggregated data on migrants (age, gender, migration status, origin country etc.) for demographic-sensitive policymaking and situation monitoring
- Reducing vulnerabilities in migration through ‘gender-responsive migration policies to address the particular needs and vulnerabilities of migrant women, girls and boys’ (p.14)
- Improving coordination between countries and agencies to more effectively manage migrant-related issues
- Stepping-up efforts to prevent and prosecute perpetrators of human trafficking, smuggling, and unethical recruitment/ employment
You can read the full 36-page agreement in the link below.