A report by the Ombudsman and Save the Children Romania found that 32% of children in Romania live below the poverty line. The report also found that 21.5% of children live in severe material deprivation, the highest rate in the EU. More than 150,000 children go to bed hungry.
In 2018, 15,000 cases of child abuse and neglect were reported, but the real number of such cases (including those that go unreported) must be higher. Most of the reported cases, 98%, occured in the family.
The child mortality rate in Romania in 2017 was 61.69 per 100,000 children and adolescents, the highest in the EU.
Access to education and leaving school prior to graduation are also an issue. In the 2017–2018 school year, the national dropout rate in primary and secondary education was 1.7% (around 30,000 children).