In May 2017, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) had released a report regarding the contemporary migrant crisis prevalent in Europe, specifically regarding the presence of Syrian refugees in the Southern European country of Turkey.
It is prescribed that resettlement is a viable solution for many refugees situated within Turkish borders, considering the countries of origins pertaining to these refugees have been and remain unstable while posing a considerable risk of endangerment to these refugees, in the event they were to return.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees utilizes the method of resettlement as an instrument for protection, as at least 290,000 Syrians are believed to be in need of assistance in Turkey.
The number of non-Syrian individuals seeking asylum prompts the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to spot individuals with particular needs in order to prioritize these individuals for refugee status and resettlement. Non-Syrian refugees are examined by the Department General for Migration Management, which is part of the Ministry of Interior, which is also processed for resettlement, in accordance to requirements listed by the UNHCR.
Less than 1% of refugees in Turkey are resettled annually. The UNHCR is constraint due to its inability to resettle more than few refugees, who are at risk of danger and threat.
Resettlement Identification and Referral of Non-Syrian Refugees: Syrian refugees undergo a process, where they are reviewed under the UNHCR and go through an RSD procedure.
Currently, most resettlement referrals are from the DGMM, which orchestrates the collection of refugees from provincial officials.
Since July 2014, RSD and Resettlement for Syrians in a multi-phase review procedure, which has been established and where cases are chosen based on global resettlement requirements:
- Case Identification
- Pre-assessment: Telephone Screening to inquire about refugee's presence in Turkey, family, and interest
- Assessment: In-person screening, formal registration of their case in proGres database of the UNHCR
- Resettlement Interview: Interview conducted with each family members followed by the drafting of the Resettlement Registration Form for submission