This major report surveys the evidence relating to the prevalence, impact and treatment of ACEs, the extent to which ACEs should provide the basis for frontline practice and service design, and the known level of effectiveness and value of ACE-related approaches, such as routine enquiry and trauma-informed care.
The report details the 10 traumatic adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) that can provide useful predictors of poor health, mental health problems and contact with the criminal justice system in later life. These ACEs are: Physical abuse, Sexual abuse, Psychological abuse, Emotional neglect, Physical neglect, Domestic abuse, Mental illness in the family, Family substance abuse, Family member in prison and Losing a parent through divorce, separation or death.
But the report warns that public services may be ignoring other factors and therefore missing children who need help.
- What we know about adverse childhood experience
- Measuring adverse childhood experience
- What we know about the relationship between ACEs and later adult outcomes
- The mechanisms of ACEs
- What we know about the effectiveness of interventions for preventing ACEs and reducing symptoms associated with child trauma
- Conclusions and recommendations