Violence against children is widespread, with a recent study estimating that as many as one billion children have been victims of different types of violence only in the last year. This violence has an enormous negative effect on the children, with a wide range of direct and indirect consequences taking place as a result of experiencing violence. As such, the technical package of INSPIRE has been developed by leading agencies who work with eliminating violence against children. The INSPIRE package of prevention of violence against children includes seven separate strategies, each having a separate list of expected outcomes. The seven strategies are the following:
- Implementation and enforcement of laws – this strategy aims to ensure that laws are implemented and enforced in order to demonstrate that behaviours like sexual abuse or violent punishment of children are unacceptable and that perpetrators will be held accountable.
- Norms and values – this strategy aims to challenge social and cultural norms and behaviours that normalise violence, and instead encourage alternative norms and values that are non-violent, positive and gender equitable.
- Safe environments – this strategy aims to change the social and physical environment of communities to ensure that the spaces are safe for children who spend time there.
- Parent and caregiver support – this strategy aims to encourage constructive and non-violent parenting to ensure that the relationships between parents and children are positive. These constructive parenting styles should replace any punitive or violent parenting styles that parents may use.
- Income and economic strengthening – this strategy aims to decrease intimate partner violence and child maltreatment by improving families’ economic security and stability.
- Response and support services – this strategy aims to reduce the long-term impact that violence may have on children by expanding children’s access to good quality health, social welfare and criminal justice support services.
- Education and life skills – in an effort to reduce both victimisation and perpetration of violence, this strategy aims to expand children’s access to education that is gender-equitable and effective, and takes place in a positive environment. In addition to school education, there should also be more access to social-emotional learning and life-skills training.
In addition to utilising the combination of the above strategies, the document also calls for the need for multi-sectoral actions and coordination, as well as monitoring and evaluation so it can be known whether the policies and strategies are successful in their aims of reducing violence against children.
To read the full WHO report on INSPIRE click here.