Mechanisms for collective action to prevent and combat online child sexual exploitation and abuse

A comparative review


Date of publication:  01 Nov 2019 Author:  John Carr Publisher:  Council of Europe Publication type:  Report / Study / Data

The publication focuses on:

  • Mechanisms to report CSAM;
  • Strengthening governance structures and multi-stakeholder co-operation;
  • Implementing specific legislative and policy frameworks to criminalise OCSEA, identify perpetrators and uphold the rights of the child-victim.

This review analyses existing mechanisms for collective action to prevent and combat Online Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (OCSEA). Background documents are The Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions and the WePROTECT Model.

The internet has facilitated access to children of all ages in any and every jurisdiction for child sex offenders. It has provided a space where perpetrators can exchange Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) and communities of offenders have formed. No single State or group of non-State organisations can fight this crime alone, co-operation on pan-European levels are essential. Only through multi-disciplinary co-operation at national and international levels is it possible to identify, locate and safeguard victims and effectively prevent, investigate and prosecute these types of crimes against children.

To this day, hotlines and the associated law enforcement machinery for investigating offenders and identifying victims stand out as the only concrete examples of on-going operational mechanisms for collective action. There are many other vehicles which foster co-operation, collaboration presented in the review as well.

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European Union

This project is funded by: