With the increasing influx of refugees and migrants in Europe in the past years, the question of their integration into European societies becomes one of the most important issues to address. This is a joint publication of the OECD’s International Migration Division unit and the European Commission`s DG for Migration and Home Affairs aiming to provide extensive analysis and comparison of the integration of migrants in the EU, OECD as well some of the G20 countries.
The report starts with an introduction and overview of the currently available data, indicators and classification of immigrant destination countries. Authors then analyse the composition of immigrant populations and households, skills and labour market integration, living conditions, civic engagement and social interactions, dedicating a chapter to address gender differences in immigrant population, and integration of young people with immigrant background, concluding with a set of key findings. Based on the report:
- More unemployed immigrants expressed a desire to work compared to the native population, but they tend to have higher unemployment rate, while at the same time are less likely to receive social benefits during the periods of unemployment
- In terms of education, immigrants in OECD countries are more likely to have higher education than the native population, while in the EU the situation is the opposite. However, this is changing, with the number of highly educated immigrants being on a rise in the part period and continuing this trend. Foreign diplomas nevertheless tend to be less valued than the local and having higher education does not immediately mean immigrants will have the same returns as native population
- The report states natives that interact with immigrants often tend to have favourable views about migration and to consider it as an economic opportunity
- From the gender perspective, slightly more immigrant men have jobs compared to the native born men, while for women this number is almost identical. However, immigrant women are more likely to be working low-skilled, low-paid jobs than the native women in the same country.